I have told you a about our walk along the Hadrian’s Wall Path across England and now for a little information about the Wall itself. In the above photo you can follow the line of the rebuilt wall along the ridges far into the distance.
Above is an original section of the wall at Planetrees.
Here is what the information sign says about Hadrian’s Wall:
“Hadrians’ Wall was built by the order of the Emperor Hadrian, following his visit to Britain in AD 122. It was planned as a continuous wall with a milecastle every Roman mile and two turrets equally space between each milecastle. The Wall, with its defensive ditches and large forts stretched from coast to coast, a distance of 80 Roman miles. It formed the northern most frontier of the Roman Empire. Hadrian’s Wall is a World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO.”
The original wall was about 14 feet high and 10 feet wide. As stated above they also built defensive ditches in front of the wall in many areas for further protection. Below shows one of the better preserved milecastles at Poltross Burn Milecastle near Gilsland.
There are heritage sites of Roman forts along the route as well. Here is an illustration of what the entrance to the Birdoswald Roman Fort might have looked like.
Also in the center section of the Wall near Once Brewed is the historic site of Vindolanda, a Roman community established at least 40 years before the Wall was built.
Vindolanda is very interesting in the fact that it is an active archaeological site along with a nice museum with many important finds. The fort sites are all accessible by road so you can visit even if you are not walking the Wall path, and the countryside is always beautiful!